The Pupil Premium Grant was introduced in April 2011 after research showed that children from disadvantaged backgrounds and those eligible for Free School Meals (FSM) were far less likely to get good GCSE results in comparison to children who were not eligible for FSM. Attainment statistics published in January 2014 showed that in 2013 37.9% of pupils who qualified for free school meals achieved 5 GCSEs, including English and mathematics at A* to C, compared with 64.6% of pupils who do not qualify. It is unacceptable for children’s success to be determined by their social circumstances and therefore the government pledged to raise levels of achievement for all disadvantaged pupils and to close the gap between disadvantaged children and their peers.
The Pupil Premium Grant (PPG) is allocated to children from low-income families who are currently known to be eligible for FSM in both mainstream and non-mainstream settings, and children who have been looked after continuously for more than six months. In April 2012, eligibility for the PPG was extended to pupils who have been eligible for free school meals (FSM) at any point in the last 6 years (known as ‘Ever 6 FSM’). As a group, children who have been eligible for FSM at any point in time have consistently lower educational attainment than those who have never been eligible for FSM. A premium is also available for children whose parents are currently serving in the armed forces, or who have served in the last 5 years.
The PPG has increased year on year, and £2.545 billion will be spent in 2015-16 for all children eligible.
For the financial year 2015-2016, the following allocations will be made:
- £1,320 for each pupil in YR-Y6 registered as eligible for FSM at any point in the last 6 years
- £1,900 for each pupil who has left local-authority care because of one of the following:
- a special guardianship order
- a child arrangements order
- a residence order
- £300 for each pupil YR-Y11 whose parents have served or are serving in the armed forces (‘Ever 5 Service Child’), or in receipt of pensions under the Armed Forces Compensation Scheme (AFCS) and the War Pensions Scheme (WPS)
Funding is paid in quarterly instalments to free schools, and on the following dates in 2015-2016:
- 6 July 2015
- 4 October 2015
- 7 January 2016
- 6 April 2016
Please see below for the Pupil Premium Grant allocation and spending strategy.